Dr. Fabio Miletto Granozio



Current position

Tenured Researcher of the CNR-SPIN Institute Naples, Italy


How to contact me

Address: Complesso universitario di Monte S.Angelo 
Via Cintia - 80126, Naples - Italy 

Tel: +39-081-676833
email: fabio.miletto@spin.cnr.it

The MODA Laboratory

MODA stands for "Modular facility for Oxide Growth and Analyis." It is a complex UHV apparatus allowing for the fabrication of epitaxial thin films with real-time control of the growth process and for the in-situcharacterization of the structural , electronic and chemical properties of as-grown films by a number of complementary surface sensitive techniques. A UHV distribution chamber is employed to transfer the samples between the load-lock fast entry, the PLD chamber and the analysis chambers.

In brief, MODA allows for:
1) Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) growth of complex oxides films and multilayers. The PLD chamber includes full automation of deposition process, due to the software control of sample holder, laser pulses, gate valves, target carousel, deposition temperature and deposition pressure.
2) Real time monitoring of the transfer process of atoms, ions and molecules from the target to the film, in the form of a transient plasma ("plume"). To this aim, we perform fast imaging and spectroscopy of the plume optical emission at a time resolution scale of the order of 10-100ns.
3) Real time monitoring of the film surface evolution of by high pressure RHEED (reflection high energy electron diffracion), operating up to 0.5 mbars.
4) Variable angle photoemission analised with an Omicron Hemisphericl Analyser using a X-ray Mg, Al twin anode or a UV He lamp as excitation source.
5) Spot Profile Analysis Low Energy Electron Diffraction (SPA-LEED)
6) Variable Temperature UHV STM/AFM


Brief CV

Current position

-  Researcher for the SPIN Institute of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR SPIN), Naples Unit. Formerly researcher of the Istitituto Nazionale Fsica della Materia, since 1999.

Education titles:

   -  November 1995: PhD in Physics by the University “Federico II” of Naples. PhD Thesis title Epitaxial YBCO films for grain boundary Josephson junctions

-  January 1991, Master (“Laurea”) Degree in Physics by the University Federico II” of Naples with score 110/110 cum laude.

    Research Interests
  • Growth of epitaxial heterostructures of transition metal oxides

  • Properties of 2D electron gases at oxide interfaces

  • Mechanisms of pulsed laser deposition

  • Physics of correlated electron systems.

  • Thin film characterization at large scale facilities

  • Non conventional spin textures in transition metal oxides

  • Applications of transition metal oxides in nanoelectronics,

  • spintronics, sensing and energy conversion.

Major roles in research management

   - 1.   Coordinator of the COST Action “TO-BE”, Towards Oxide-Based Electronic (17 participating EU countries, 31 participating Institutions). Four years project approved in Nov. 2013 and strating in year 2014.

   - 2.    Leader of the Naples Unit of CNR-SPIN as delegate of the CNR-SPIN Director prof. Ruggero Vaglio from 1st January 2010 to 30 June 2011. The Naples Unit is composed of about 20 units of CNR scientific and amministrative personnel and about 25 units of scientific personnel from the Physics Department of the University Federico II associated to CNR-SPIN

   - 3.     Director of INFM-Coherentia in year 2009. Coherentia included the same units of personnel of the Naples Unit of CNR-SPIN plus some sub-inits in Rome and Salerno. Coherentia was stopped within a national riarrangement of Italian Research System that merged the former INFM Institute into CNR

   -  4.    Leader of the Research Activity (or “Commessa”) “Deposition and diagnostics of thin films of innovative materials” from year 2002 to 2009, first under Coherentia INFM and then under CNR SPIN .

 -  5.    Board member of the “Centro di Competenza Nuove Tecnologie” of Regione Campania from 2005 to 2006, a Consortium with 25M€ of budget from Regione Campania.

 -  6.   Holder from 2003 to 2006 of a 2M€ grant as Responsible for the participation of CNR-INFM to the “Centro di Competenza Nuove Tecnologie” of Regione Campania


Editor of books and journal issues

-    1.    MRS Bullettin, Dec 2013, Special issue on Functional Oxide Interfaces, Guest Editor

-     2.  MRS Symposium Proceedings, Volume “Advances in Spectroscopy and Imaging of Surfaces and Nanostructures”, Editor


Conference and Symposia Organization

- "First TO-BE Action (MP1308) joint WGs fall meeting",  Rome 22-23 September, Italy, Conference chair  

- "MAMA-Trend: Trends, challenges and emergent new phenomena in multi-functional materials" May 20th-23rd, 2013, Sorrernto, Italy, Conference chair

  - "MAMA-Synt: Synthesis and design of multi-functional materials and heterostructures", October 24-26, 2011, Ercolano, Italy, Conference chair

  - “JEMS 2012, Joint European Magnetic Symposia”. Symposium “Magneto-transport, spin electronics and magnonic crystals”- Symposium Organizer.

   - “MRS Fall Meeting 2011”, Symposium “UU: Real-Time Studies of Evolving Thin Films and Interfaces”, Symposium organizer

  - “FOXE - Functional Oxides for Electronics”, Massa Lubrense, Sorrento (NA) 25-27 Marzo 2009, Local member of Programme Committee

-  “WOE13 – Workshop of Oxide Electronics”, 08-11 octobre 2006, Ischia, Italy, Organising committee








List of recent publications (2009-2014)

Optical Second Harmonic Imaging as a tool for in-situ monitor of oxides thin- lm epitaxial growth Andrea Rubano, Tim Gueunter, Martin Lilienblum, Carmela Aruta, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Lorenzo Marrucci, Domenico Paparo, and Manfred Fiebig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2014, submitted


Photoresponse dynamics in amorphous-LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces, E. Di Gennaro, A. Khare, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio, G. Ambrosone, U. Coscia, Nanoscale (2014), submitted


Potential-well depth at amorphous-LaAlO3/crystalline-SrTiO3 interfaces measured by optical second harmonic generation, Gabriele De Luca, Andrea Rubano, Emiliano di Gennaro, Amit Khare, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Lorenzo Marrucci, and Domenico Paparo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2014, in press


Growth and characterization of conducting LaAlO3/EuTiO3/ SrTiO3 heterostructures, R. Di Capua, G. M. De Luca, E. di Gennaro, F. Miletto Granozio, and M. Salluzzo, A. Gadaleta, I. Pallecchi, and D. Marrè, C. Piamonteze, N. Plumb, M. Radovic, Z. Ristic, S. Rusponi,  Appl. Phys. Lett. 2014, in press


Observation of strontium segregation in LaAlO3-SrTiO3 and NdGaO3-SrTiO3 oxide heterostructures by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, U. Treske, N. Heming, M. Knupfer, B. Buchner, and A. Koitzsch, E. Di Gennaro, U. Scotti di Uccio, and F. Miletto Granozio, S. Krause, APL Mat. 2, 012108 (2014)


Optical spectra of LaMn0.5Ga0.5O3: a contribution to the assignment of the electronic transitions in manganites, A. Nucara1a, F. Miletto Granozio, A. Vecchione, R. Fittipaldi, P. Paolo Perna, W. S. Mohamed, F. M. Vitucci, and P. Calvani, Physica B : Cond. Matter 433C, 102  (2014)


Electronic states at polar/non-polar interfaces grown on SrTiO3 studied by optical second harmonic generation, A. Rubano, C. Aruta, U. Scotti di Uccio, F. Miletto Granozio,L. Marrucci, T. Gunter, T. Fink, M. Fiebig and D. Paparo, Phys Rev. B 88, 245434 (2013)


Carrier-number fluctuations in the 2-dimensional electron gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface, C. Barone F. Romeo, S. Pagano, E. Di Gennaro, F. Miletto Granozio, I. Pallecchi, D. Marre, and U. Scotti di Uccio, Appl. Phys. Lett. (2013) DOI: 10.1063/1.4838637


Functional Oxide Interfaces, F. Miletto Granozio, G. Koster and G. Rijnders, MRS Bullettin 38, 1 (2013)


Persistent Photoconductivity in 2D Electron Gases at Different Oxide Interfaces, Emiliano Di Gennaro, Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Carmela Aruta, Claudia Cantoni, Alessandro Gadaleta, Andrew R. Lupini, Davide Maccariello, Daniele Marré, Ilaria Pallecchi, Domenico Paparo, Paolo Perna, Muhammad Riaz, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Adv. Opt. Mat.  1, 834 (2013) DOI: 10.1002/adom.201300150 (2013)


Evolution of nanostructures of anatase TiO2 thin films grown on (001) LaAlO3, Regina Ciancio, Andrea Vittadini, Annabella Selloni, Riccardo Arpaia, Carmela Aruta, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Giorgio Rossi, Elvio Carlino J. Nanoparticle Res. DOI 10.1007/s11051-013-1735-x (2013)


Time-resolved optical response of all-oxide YBa2Cu3O7/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 proximitized bilayers, L. Parlato, R. Arpaia, C. De Lisio, F. Miletto Granozio, G. P. Pepe, P. Perna, V. Pagliarulo, C. Bonavolontà, M. Radovic, Y. Wang, Roman Sobolewski, and U. Scotti di Uccio Phys. Rev. B 87, 134514 (2013)


Spatial inhomogeneities at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface: evidence from second harmonic generation, Tim Günter, Andrea Rubano, and Martin Lilienblum, Domenico Paparo, Lorenzo Marrucci, Fabio Miletto Granozio, and Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Rainer Jany, Christoph Richter and Jochen Mannhart, Manfred Fiebig, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235418  (2012).


Observation of a two-dimensional electron gas at the surface of annealed SrTiO3 single crystals by scanning tunneling spectroscopy, R. Di Capua, M. Radovic, G. M. De Luca, I. Maggio-Aprile, F. Miletto Granozio, N. C. Plumb, Z. Ristic, U. Scotti di Uccio, R. Vaglio, M. Salluzzo, Phys. Rev. B 86, 155425 (2012).


Pulsed Laser Ablation of LaAlO3 and LaGaO3  in Oxygen Background Gas, S. Amoruso, C. Aruta, P. Aurino, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio, Applied Surface Science, 258, 9116 (2012).


Electron Transfer and Ionic Displacements at the Origin of the 2D Electron Gas at the LAO/STO Interface: Direct Measurements with Atomic-Column Spatial Resolution, C. Cantoni, J. Gazquez, F. Miletto Granozio, M. P. Oxley, M. Varela, A. R. Lupini, S. J. Pennycook, C. Aruta, U. Scotti di Uccio, P. Perna, D. Maccariello, Adv. Mater. 24, 3952 (2012)                


Critical influence of target-to-substrate distance on conductive properties of LaGaO3/SrTiO3 interfaces deposited at 10−1 mbar oxygen pressure, C. Aruta, S. Amoruso, G. Ausanio, R. Bruzzese, E. Di Gennaro, M. Lanzano, F. Miletto Granozio, Muhammad Riaz, A. Sambri, U. Scotti di Uccio, and X. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 031602 (2012) 


Nanostructure of buried interface layers in TiO2 anatase thin films grown on LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 substrates, Regina Ciancio, Elvio Carlino, Carmela Aruta, Davide Maccariello, Fabio Miletto Granozio and Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Nanoscale 4, 91 (2012)


In situ investigation of the early stage of TiO2 epitaxy on (001) SrTiO3, M. Radovic, M. Salluzzo, Z. Ristic, R. Di Capua, N. Lampis,  R. Vaglio, and F. Miletto Granozio, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 034705 (2011),


Energy and symmetry of dd excitations in undoped layered cuprates measured by Cu L(3) resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, M Moretti Sala, V Bisogni, L Braicovich, C Aruta, G Balestrino, H Berger, N B Brookes, G M De Luca, D Di Castro, M Grioni, M Guarise, P G Medaglia, F Miletto Granozio, M Minola, P Perna, M Radovic, M Salluzzo, T Schmitt, K J Zhou and G Ghiringhelli, New J. Phys 13     043026   (2011)


Ortho-II band folding in YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-delta) films revealed by angle-resolved photoemission, Yasmine Sassa,  Milan Radovic, Martin Mºansson, Elia Razzoli, Xiaoyu Cui, Stephane Pailhµes, Sebastian Guerrero, Ming Shi, Philip R. Willmott, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Joel Mesot, and Luc Patthey, Phys. Rev. B 83, 140511   (2011)


Spectral and spatial distribution of polarization at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface, A. Rubano and M. Fiebig , D. Paparo, A. Marino, D. Maccariello, U. Scotti di Uccio, F. Miletto Granozio, L. Marrucci, C. Richter, S. Paetel, and J. Mannhart, Phys. Rev. B 83, 155405 (2011).


Optical investigation of LaMnO(3) thin films: a study of the 2-eV band,  A. Nucara, F. Miletto Granozio, M. Radovic, F. M. Vitucci, P. Maselli, R. Fittipaldi, A. Vecchione, and P. Calvani , Eur. J. Phys. B  79 , 435 (2011)


Pulsed laser deposition of SrTiO(3)/LaGaO(3) and SrTiO(3)/LaAlO(3): Plasma plume effects,  C. Aruta, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, D. Maccariello, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio, Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 252105   (2010)


Novel conducting interfaces between band insulating oxides, Paolo Perna, Davide Maccariello, Milan Radovic, Umberto Scotti di Uccio, Ilaria Pallecchi, Marta Codda, Daniele Marre', Claudia Cantoni, Jaume Gazquez, Maria Varela, Steve Pennycook, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 259901, 2010


Optimization of La0.7Ba0.3MnO3-δ complex oxide laser ablation conditions by plume imaging and optical emission spectroscopy, S. Amoruso, C. Aruta, R. Bruzzese, D. Maccariello, L. Maritato, F. Miletto Granozio, P. Orgiani, U. Scotti di Uccio, X. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 043302, (2010)


Magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial films of Pr0.7Ca0.3MnO3 under different biaxial tensile stresses, A. Geddo Lehmann, F. Congiu, N. Lampis, F. Miletto Granozio, P. Perna, M. Radovic, U. Scotti di Uccio, Phys. Rev. B 82. 014415, (2010).


Ultrafast dynamical response of strongly correlated oxides: role of coherent optical and acoustic oscillations, Mansart, B., Boschetto, D., Sambri, A., Malaquias, R., Miletto Granozio, F., Scotti di Uccio, U., Metcalf, P. and Marsi, M.(2010), J. Mod. Opt. iFirst 1, (2010)


Novel superconducting proximized heterostructures for ultrafast photodetection G.P. Pepe, L. Parlato, N. Marrocco, V. Pagliarulo, G. Peluso, A. Barone, F. Tafuri, U. Scotti di Uccio, F. Miletto, M. Radovic, D. Pan, Roman Sobolewski, Cryogenics 49, 660 (2009)


Blue luminescence of SrTiO3 under intense optical excitation, A. Rubano, D. Paparo, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio, and L. Marrucci, ¤J. of Appl. Phys. 106, 103515 (2009)


Photoluminescence dynamics in strontium titanate, A. Rubano, F. Ciccullo, D. Paparo, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio, L. Marrucci, J. Luminescence 129, 1923 (2009)


Charge density waves enhance the electronic noise of manganites, C. Barone, A. Galdi, N. Lampis, L. Maritato, F. Miletto Granozio, S. Pagano, P. Perna, M. Radovic, and U. Scotti di Uccio, Phys Rev. B 80, 115128 (2009)


Polar catastrophe and electronic reconstructions at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface: Evidence from optical second harmonic generation, A. Savoia, D. Paparo, P. Perna, Z. Ristic, M. Salluzzo, F. Miletto Granozio, U. Scotti di Uccio,  C. Richter,  S. Thiel, J. Mannhart,  and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. B 80, 075110 (2009)


Bi-magnon dipersion in antiferromagnetic cuprates measured by x-ray scattering, L. Braicovich, L.J.P. Ament, V. Bisogni, F. Forte, C. Aruta, G. Balestrino, N.B. Brookes, G.M. De Luca, P.G. Medaglia, F. Miletto Granozio, M. Radovic, M. Salluzzo, J. van den Brink, and G. Ghiringhelli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102,  167401 (2009)


Growth and characterization of stable SrO-terminated SrTiO3 surfaces, Milan Radovic, Nathascia Lampis, Paolo Perna, Zoran Ristic, Marco Salluzzo, Fabio Miletto Granozio, Christian Schlepütz, and U. Scotti di Uccio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 , 022901 (2009)